Hooks

Using hooks, your plugin can exercise fine-grained control over various aspects of the build process. If your plugin defines any hooks, Jekyll will call them at pre-defined points.

Hooks are registered to an owner and an event name. To register one, you call Jekyll::Hooks.register, and pass the hook owner, event name, and code to call whenever the hook is triggered. For example, if you want to execute some custom functionality every time Jekyll renders a page, you could register a hook like this:

Jekyll::Hooks.register :pages, :post_render do |page|
  # code to call after Jekyll renders a page
end

Note: The :post_convert events mentioned hereafter is a feature introduced in v4.2.0.

Out of the box, Jekyll has pre-defined hook points for owners :site, :pages, :documents and :clean. Additionally, the hook points defined for :documents can be utilized for individual collections only by invoking the collection type instead. i.e. :posts for documents in collection _posts and :movies for documents in collection _movies. In all cases, Jekyll calls your hooks with the owner object as the first callback parameter.

Every registered hook owner supports the following events — :post_init, :pre_render, :post_convert, :post_render, :post_write — however, the :site owner is set up to respond to special event names. Refer to the subsequent section for details.

All :pre_render hooks and the :site, :post_render hook will also provide a payload hash as a second parameter. While in the case of :pre_render events, the payload gives you full control over the variables that are available during rendering, with the :site, :post_render event, the payload contains final values after rendering all the site (useful for sitemaps, feeds, etc).

Built-in Hook Owners and Events

The complete list of available hooks:

Owner Event Triggered at

:site

Encompasses the entire site

:after_init

Just after the site initializes. Good for modifying the configuration of the site. Triggered once per build / serve session

:after_reset

Just after the site resets during regeneration

:post_read

After all source files have been read and loaded from disk

:pre_render

Just before rendering the whole site

:post_render

After rendering the whole site, but before writing any files

:post_write

After writing all of the rendered files to disk

:pages

Allows fine-grained control over all pages in the site

:post_init

Whenever a page is initialized

:pre_render

Just before rendering a page

:post_convert

After converting the page content, but before rendering the page layout

:post_render

After rendering a page, but before writing it to disk

:post_write

After writing a page to disk

:documents

Allows fine-grained control over all documents in the site including posts and documents in user-defined collections

:post_init

Whenever any document is initialized

:pre_render

Just before rendering a document

:post_convert

After converting the document content, but before rendering the document layout

:post_render

After rendering a document, but before writing it to disk

:post_write

After writing a document to disk

:posts

Allows fine-grained control over all posts in the site without affecting documents in user-defined collections

:post_init

Whenever a post is initialized

:pre_render

Just before rendering a post

:post_convert

After converting the post content, but before rendering the postlayout

:post_render

After rendering a post, but before writing it to disk

:post_write

After writing a post to disk

:clean

Fine-grained control on the list of obsolete files determined to be deleted during the site's cleanup phase.

:on_obsolete

During the cleanup of a site's destination before it is built

Hooks for custom Jekyll objects

You can also register and trigger hooks for Jekyll objects introduced by your plugin. All it takes is placing trigger calls under a suitable owner name, at positons desired within your custom class and registering the owner by your plugin.

To illustrate, consider the following plugin that implements custom functionality for every custom Excerpt object initialized:

module Foobar
  class HookedExcerpt < Jekyll::Excerpt
    def initialize(doc)
      super
      trigger_hooks(:post_init)
    end

    def output
      @output ||= trigger_hooks(:post_render, renderer.run)
    end

    def renderer
      @renderer ||= Jekyll::Renderer.new(
        doc.site, self, site.site_payload
      )
    end

    def trigger_hooks(hook_name, *args)
      Jekyll::Hooks.trigger :excerpts, hook_name, self, *args
    end
  end
end

Jekyll::Hooks.register :excerpts, :post_init do |excerpt|
  Jekyll.logger.debug "Initialized:",
                      "Hooked Excerpt for #{excerpt.doc.inspect}"
end

Jekyll::Hooks.register :excerpts, :post_render do |excerpt, output|
  return output unless excerpt.doc.type == :posts
  Foobar.transform(output)
end