Tags Filters

All of the standard Liquid tags are supported. Jekyll has a few built in tags to help you build your site. You can also create your own tags using plugins.

Includes

If you have page snippets that you use repeatedly across your site, an include is the perfect way to make this more maintainable.

Code snippet highlighting

Jekyll has built in support for syntax highlighting of over 100 languages thanks to Rouge. Rouge is the default highlighter in Jekyll 3 and above. To use it in Jekyll 2, set highlighter to rouge and ensure the rouge gem is installed properly.

Alternatively, you can use Pygments to highlight your code snippets in Jekyll 3.x and below. To use Pygments, you must have Python installed on your system, have the pygments.rb gem installed and set highlighter to pygments in your site’s configuration file. Pygments supports over 100 languages

Using Pygments has been deprecated and will not be officially supported in Jekyll 4, meaning that the configuration setting highlighter: pygments will automatically fall back to using Rouge which is written in Ruby and 100% compatible with stylesheets for Pygments.

To render a code block with syntax highlighting, surround your code as follows:

{% highlight ruby %}
def foo
  puts 'foo'
end
{% endhighlight %}

The argument to the highlight tag (ruby in the example above) is the language identifier. To find the appropriate identifier to use for the language you want to highlight, look for the “short name” on the Rouge wiki or the Pygments’ Lexers page.

Jekyll processes all Liquid filters in code blocks

If you are using a language that contains curly braces, you will likely need to place {% raw %} and {% endraw %} tags around your code.

Line numbers

There is a second argument to highlight called linenos that is optional. Including the linenos argument will force the highlighted code to include line numbers. For instance, the following code block would include line numbers next to each line:

{% highlight ruby linenos %}
def foo
  puts 'foo'
end
{% endhighlight %}

Stylesheets for syntax highlighting

In order for the highlighting to show up, you’ll need to include a highlighting stylesheet. For Pygments or Rouge you can use a stylesheet for Pygments, you can find an example gallery here.

To link to a post, a page, collection item, or file, the link tag will generate the correct permalink URL for the path you specify. For example, if you use the link tag to link to mypage.html, even if you change your permalink style to include the file extension or omit it, the URL formed by the link tag will always be valid.

You must include the file’s original extension when using the link tag. Here are some examples:

{{ site.baseurl }}{% link _collection/name-of-document.md %}
{{ site.baseurl }}{% link _posts/2016-07-26-name-of-post.md %}
{{ site.baseurl }}{% link news/index.html %}
{{ site.baseurl }}{% link /assets/files/doc.pdf %}

You can also use the link tag to create a link in Markdown as follows:

[Link to a document]({{ site.baseurl }}{% link _collection/name-of-document.md %})
[Link to a post]({{ site.baseurl }}{% link _posts/2016-07-26-name-of-post.md %})
[Link to a page]({{ site.baseurl }}{% link news/index.html %})
[Link to a file]({{ site.baseurl }}{% link /assets/files/doc.pdf %})

(Including {{ site.baseurl }} is optional — it depends on whether you want to preface the page URL with the baseurl value.)

The path to the post, page, or collection is defined as the path relative to the root directory (where your config file is) to the file, not the path from your existing page to the other page.

For example, suppose you’re creating a link in page_a.md (stored in pages/folder1/folder2) to page_b.md (stored in pages/folder1). Your path in the link would not be ../page_b.html. Instead, it would be /pages/folder1/page_b.md.

If you’re unsure of the path, add {{ page.path }} to the page and it will display the path.

One major benefit of using the link or post_url tag is link validation. If the link doesn’t exist, Jekyll won’t build your site. This is a good thing, as it will alert you to a broken link so you can fix it (rather than allowing you to build and deploy a site with broken links).

Note you cannot add filters to link tags. For example, you cannot append a string using Liquid filters, such as {% link mypage.html | append: "#section1" %} . To link to sections on a page, you will need to use regular HTML or Markdown linking techniques.

Linking to posts

If you want to include a link to a post on your site, the post_url tag will generate the correct permalink URL for the post you specify.

{{ site.baseurl }}{% post_url 2010-07-21-name-of-post %}

If you organize your posts in subdirectories, you need to include subdirectory path to the post:

{{ site.baseurl }}{% post_url /subdir/2010-07-21-name-of-post %}

There is no need to include the file extension when using the post_url tag.

You can also use this tag to create a link to a post in Markdown as follows:

[Name of Link]({{ site.baseurl }}{% post_url 2010-07-21-name-of-post %})