Jekyll on Windows
While Windows is not an officially-supported platform, it can be used to run Jekyll with the proper tweaks. If you are using Windows 10 Anniversary Update, the easiest way to run Jekyll is to use the new Bash on Ubuntu on Windows. For older installations, this page aims to collect some of the general knowledge and lessons that have been unearthed by Windows users.
A quick way to install Jekyll is to follow the installation instructions by David Burela:
- Install a package manager for Windows called Chocolatey
- Install Ruby via Chocolatey:
choco install ruby -y
- Reopen a command prompt and install Jekyll:
gem install jekyll
Updates in the infrastructure of Ruby may cause SSL errors when attempting to use
gem install with versions of the RubyGems package older than 2.6. (The RubyGems package installed via the Chocolatey tool is version 2.3) If you have installed an older version, you can update the RubyGems package using the directions here.
For a more conventional way of installing Jekyll you can follow this complete guide to install Jekyll 3 on Windows by Sverrir Sigmundarson.
If you use UTF-8 encoding, make sure that no
characters exist in your files or very, very bad things will happen to
Jekyll. This is especially relevant if you’re running Jekyll on Windows.
Additionally, you might need to change the code page of the console window to UTF-8 in case you get a “Liquid Exception: Incompatible character encoding” error during the site generation process. It can be done with the following command:
$ chcp 65001
Since Windows doesn’t have a native source of zoneinfo data, the Ruby Interpreter would not understand IANA Timezones and hence using them had the
TZ environment variable default to UTC/GMT 00:00.
Though Windows users could alternatively define their blog’s timezone by setting the key to use POSIX format of defining timezones, it wasn’t as user-friendly when it came to having the clock altered to changing DST-rules.
Jekyll now uses a rubygem to internally configure Timezone based on established IANA Timezone Database. While ‘new’ blogs created with Jekyll v3.4 and greater, will have the following added to their ‘Gemfile’ by default, existing sites will have to update their ‘Gemfile’ (and installed) to enable development on Windows:
# Windows does not include zoneinfo files, so bundle the tzinfo-data gem gem 'tzinfo-data', platforms: [:mingw, :mswin, :x64_mingw, :jruby]
As of v1.3.0, Jekyll uses the
listen gem to watch for changes when the
--watch switch is specified during a build or serve. While
built-in support for UNIX systems, it requires an extra gem for compatibility
with Windows. Add the following to the Gemfile for your site:
gem 'wdm', '~> 0.1.0' if Gem.win_platform?
How to install github-pages
This section is part of an article written by Jens Willmer. To follow the instructions you need to have Chocolatey installed on your system. If you already have a version of Ruby installed you need to uninstall it before you can continue.
Install Ruby and Ruby development kit
Open a command prompt and execute the following commands:
choco install ruby -version 2.2.4
choco install ruby2.devkit- needed for compilation of json gem
Configure Ruby development kit
The development kit did not set the environment path for Ruby so we need to do it.
- Open command prompt in
ruby dk.rb initto create a file called
- Edit the
config.ymlfile and include the path to Ruby
- Execute the following command to set the path:
ruby dk.rb install
Nokogiri gem installation
This gem is also needed in the github-pages and to get it running on Windows x64 we have to install a few things.
Note: In the current pre release it works out of the box with Windows x64 but this version is not referenced in the github-pages.
choco install libxml2 -Source "https://www.nuget.org/api/v2/"
choco install libxslt -Source "https://www.nuget.org/api/v2/"
choco install libiconv -Source "https://www.nuget.org/api/v2/"
gem install nokogiri --^ --with-xml2-include=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libxml220.127.116.11.7\build\native\include^ --with-xml2-lib=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libxml2.redist.18.104.22.168\build\native\bin\v110\x64\Release\dynamic\cdecl^ --with-iconv-include=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libiconv.22.214.171.124\build\native\include^ --with-iconv-lib=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libiconv.redist.126.96.36.199\build\native\bin\v110\x64\Release\dynamic\cdecl^ --with-xslt-include=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libxslt.188.8.131.52\build\native\include^ --with-xslt-lib=C:\Chocolatey\lib\libxslt.redist.184.108.40.206\build\native\bin\v110\x64\Release\dynamic
- Open command prompt and install Bundler:
gem install bundler
- Create a file called
Gemfilewithout any extension in your root directory of your blog
- Copy & paste the two lines into the file:
source 'https://rubygems.org' gem 'github-pages', group: :jekyll_plugins
- Note: We use an unsecure connection because SSL throws exceptions in the version of Ruby
- Open a command prompt, target your local blog repository root, and install github-pages:
After this process you should have github-pages installed on your system and you can host your blog again with
There will be a warning on startup that you should include
gem 'wdm', '>= 0.1.0' if Gem.win_platform? to your
Gemfile but I could not get
jekyll s working if I include that line so for the moment I ignore that warning.
In the future the installation process of the github-pages should be as simple as the setup of the blog. But as long as the new version of the Nokogiri (v1.6.8) is not stable and referenced, it is work to get it up and running on Windows.